The Johns Hopkins University (Johns HopkinsHopkins, or JHU) is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur and philanthropist Johns Hopkins.[6]

Johns Hopkins is the oldest research university in the United States.[7] Hopkins’ $7 million bequest to establish the university was the largest philanthropic gift in U.S. history up to that time.[8][9] Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as Johns Hopkins’ first president on February 22, 1876,[10] led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research.[11] In 1900, Johns Hopkins became a founding member of the American Association of Universities.[12] The university has led all U.S. universities in annual research expenditures over the past three decades. The university is ranked among the top universities in the world.[13][14][15]

Johns Hopkins is organized into 10 divisions on campuses in Maryland and Washington, D.C., with international centers in Italy and China.[16] The two undergraduate divisions, the Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences and the Whiting School of Engineering, are located on the Homewood campus in Baltimore’s Charles Village neighborhood.[17] The medical schoolnursing schoolBloomberg School of Public Health, and Johns Hopkins Children’s Center are located on the Medical Institutions campus in East Baltimore.[18] The university also consists of the Peabody InstituteApplied Physics LaboratoryPaul H. Nitze School of Advanced International StudiesSchool of EducationCarey Business School, and various other facilities.[19] The university also has graduate campuses in Italy, China, and Washington, D.C.[20]

As of October 2019, 39 Nobel laureates and one Fields Medalist have been affiliated with Johns Hopkins’ faculty and alumni.[21] Founded in 1883, the Blue Jays men’s lacrosse team has captured 44 national titles[22] and plays in the Big Ten Conference as an affiliate member.[23] The university’s other sports teams compete in Division III of the NCAA as members of the Centennial Conference.